Companies and other organizations are increasingly choosing to organize all or part of their activities as projects. With the help of this introduction to project management, we hope to provide the basics of planning, implementing and evaluating different types of projects.
The material should be seen as an introduction that can be supplemented with other in-depth literature – for example, one of the books found under “Reading Tips”.
But now for this with project management. What is it really?
What is a project?
Working in projects is really nothing new. Projects have been planned and implemented as long as there have been civilizations. Every time a building was to be built or when a road was to be constructed, it had to plan, find resources, implement and finally follow up the activities that ultimately led to the project’s goals being achieved. There are many impressive projects that have been carried out through the ages. Examples of historical projects can be made long. The construction of the Chinese wall, King Richard’s crusade, Peter the Great’s creation of St. Petersburg, Columbus America’s, built by Gripsholm’s castle, etc. There are many examples of projects that have been planned, implemented and followed up throughout history.
Gradually, it was realized that resources for resource supply, risk assessment, time planning, etc. was something that was useful regardless of whether you should build a bridge, put potatoes or change a company’s organization. These early ideas were those that set out the path for what we today call “modern project management”.
Even in the present, it is easy to find examples of projects that are implemented. Built by the Öresund Bridge, Hultsfreds Festival, the production of a TV series of the type Expedition Robinson, the development of a new drug at AstraZeneca, the creation of an e-commerce site on the Internet, a political election campaign and the introduction of a computerized storage system are all examples of contemporary projects. In addition to these larger projects, there are also a lot of everyday things that one can use the same methods for. It can be about everything from the class party to renovating a room in the house. Good planning makes implementation easier and contains fewer surprises.
The project examples above are seemingly very different, but if you study how the projects are planned, provided with human and material resources, are implemented and followed, then you will be surprised how much similarities there are between them.
Projects occur at all levels of an organization. A project can include one or thousands of people. A project can be for a few days or a couple of years. They may include an individual department of a company or several departments from several different companies. For example, one project may be that a group from a company’s ordinary business is put together to collaborate on something that is not part of the company’s normal activities.
If you read books about project management, all authors have their own definition of what a project is. However, most have the following points in common:
A project is a temporary activity (eg a one-off assignment) that is implemented to achieve a clearly defined goal.
A project is clearly delineated to results (what should be done?), Completion point (when should it be clear?) And cost (how much does it cost?).
A project has a planning of times and costs for human and material resources.
There is a temporary project organization where the participants have clearly defined tasks and responsibilities that are dissolved when the project is completed.
The project’s planning, implementation and follow-up is led by a project manager.
The advantages of working in project form are that you can:
- create attention and focus on what to accomplish in the project,
- increase clarity on what to do and how to do it,
- Gather competencies from different units within the organization, as well
- use special forms of guidance and control.
In the following section, we will look more closely at what is meant by project management and what a project manager does.
What does project management mean?
The simple answer to the question in the title should be: “Managing projects.” And that is exactly how it is. We previously stated that projects in some ways are a different way of organizing a business. What you then need to ask yourself is in what way project management differs from leading a company’s ongoing business.
A formal definition of project management could be:
“A well-planned and organized effort to achieve the project goals that you have set up in time.”
More specifically, this means developing a project plan that contains definitions of goals and sub-goals, specific activities that are required for the goals to be achieved, what resources are required, and time planning and a budget. Project management also means an ongoing follow-up of the plan during implementation so that it adheres to it.
The management of a project is usually divided into phases such as feasibility study, project planning, implementation, evaluation and delivery. The principles that exist for project management can be used in any project, regardless of budget size or time constraints.
Basically, the project leadership has a lot in common with the leadership that is practiced in day-to-day operations. Projects have similarities to ongoing operations as they are implemented by people, limited by resources, planned and implemented. However, projects differ from current operations because the day-to-day operations are just ongoing and are repeated while a project is something that is temporary and unique. Before each new project, an organization is built that will cope with the requirements set for that particular project.
What is a compelling writing template?
A compelling template generally has a place for a student to define their opinion or thesis on a subject, and then support and develop it with 3-5 main points.
Why are they important and how are they best used?
A compelling writing template can help students to plan their essay by clearly defining their opinion and supporting it with relevant, specific evidence. Convincing writing and compelling speech go hand in hand, so these templates can also be used to prepare short convincing speeches. The compelling essay or speech encourages students to use logic and reason to make their arguments and can be used in connection with a lesson on rhetorical strategies.
Convincing writing template
To create a compelling template, click on the “Use this template” button below. When you are in Storyboard Creator, click on each of the elements on the template to change them to suit your needs. When you’re done, click save and follow the instructions. You can print your worksheet from the next screen or save it to your account.